Coinwarz Bitcoin Mining Calculator – designadrone.uk

HashFlare.io Cloud Mining

/HashFlareCloudMining/ Subreddit for HashFlare.io users.
[link]

Megacoin Mining

[link]

What mining calculator do you recommend using?

Just looking for the most accurate online mining calculator. Thanks in advance!
submitted by prettiesthatemachine to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Verge Currency Beginner's Guide

Verge Currency Beginner's Guide
A short Background
2008 was the worst financial crisis the world had experience since the great depression. The efforts of banks worldwide were not enough to prevent its occurrence. Shortly after, someone by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto offered an alternative solution. A digital currency that removes the need for a central bank. His proposal written in the Bitcoin white paper, is summarized below:
  • A secure, decentralized network.
  • A system with economic properties.
  • No need for banks or rule makers.
  • Instant transactions without a need of a third party or government approval.
  • Bringing financial services to the unbanked 2.5 billion people.
  • Total financial freedom. No one can freeze your accounts.
  • Low transaction costs. No ridiculously high transaction fees.
  • A currency with finite amount where no one can print money whenever they want.
Bitcoin
In 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, the network consisted of computers (in crypto terms, these are called Nodes) to approve transactions, movements of data along the chain. This allows for everyone willing to become a participant, creating a decentralized global network. Allowing for a decentralized currency, free of the control of politicians, or institutions.
The rules can only be changed if 51% of the network agrees on it. This way the network is completely democratized and resistant to hacking attacks.
Unlike today’s financial institutions, no one can freeze your account or prevent you sending money. You are the only person who truly holds your wealth.
It is an open source project. Anyone can see the code and offer or discuss changes with the community. On the other hand, anyone participating to the network with computational power gets incentives or pay, with a fractional amount of BTC.
Blockchain
The core of a secure decentralized network like Bitcoin, lies the Blockchain technology. To put it simply, the blockchain is like a series of Lego, connected to each other by linking information, called transactions. These transactions contain the following data sender, receiver and the unique signature of the sender.
The data will be converted into “hash” before being saved into a block. The bitcoin hash is generated using a set of cryptographic functions called sha256. This way the information is encrypted, is compressed and saved in the block.
Additionally, each block in the chain, contains the information from the block before it. This ensures that if someone tries to maliciously modify information in a block, all the block following this attempt will be changed, making it easier to spot.
Each block includes the information from the previous block. If someone wants to maliciously change the information in one block that change the complete result of all following blocks.
In this type of network there is only one blockchain, and all the information is kept in a public ledger which is shared amongst all the participating networks. For the blockchain to be valid, more than 50% of the participants (nodes and their computational power) must agree with it.
Bitcoin Today (2018)
Until today many, many, events have happened. The network has grown massively. The underlying code is improved in many ways. There are more and more developers and investors that have entered the cryptocurrency space.
Currently there are proposed changes being developed to the Bitcoin network that will make bitcoin rival the centralized networks of today (Visa, Mastercard), while significantly lowering the cost of these transaction.
Many alternative cryptocurrencies have been created along the way, improving some of the aspects of the bitcoin and focusing on certain applications, in the crypto-space, we call them altcoins.
WHY VERGE
The way that Bitcoin function, has severe flaws with regards to privacy:
  • Public Ledger: The transaction information is public, meaning, that transactions can be linked to a person.
  • IP Leakage: A persistent and motivated attacker will be able to associate your IP address with your bitcoin transaction.
Due to the above reasons, it was clear that there would be a need for a privacy coin. Different coins were then created that had this problem in mind. They were ‘too private’ in the sense that they completely by-passed the public ledger. The public ledger allows merchant to provide proof of transactions, which is important for bookkeeping.
Enter Verge Currency, formerly Dogecoindark; which offers transaction on the ledger, both public and private. Allowing the user to choose if the transactions are public or private.
VERGE CURRENCY
2014 saw the birth of Dogecoin Dark; in 2016, it was rebranded to Verge Currency.
Verge improves upon the original Bitcoin blockchain and aims to fulfill its initial purpose of providing individuals and businesses with a fast, efficient and decentralized way of making direct transactions while maintaining your privacy.
What is the Verge Currency Mission?
Verge Currency aims to empower people around the globe using blockchain in everyday life and makes it possible for people to engage in transactions quickly, efficiently and privately. With Verge, business and individuals now have flexible options for sending and receiving payments.
Verge Currency also offer helpful integrations and tools that enable them to handle large scale transactions between merchants and small-scale private payments.
Is Verge Currency a private company and how is it funded?
Following in the spirit of Bitcoin, Verge is an open-source software, and a community. It is not a company, never had an ICO. The development is entirely funded by the community and the developers. Currently Verge is looking into setting up an official Verge merchandise store, and an Official Verge mining pool, for multiple algorithms.
Tech
General technical capabilities of XVG blockchain:
Protocol PoW (Proof of Work)
Algorithms Scrypt, X17, Lyra2rev2, myr-groestl and blake2s
Max Coin Supply 16.5 billion XVG
Circulation Supply 15.2 billion XVG
Minable yes
Atomic Swaps Enabled
Tx (Transaction) Speed 5-10 Seconds
Tps (Transactions per sec.) 100 (Will be ~2000 with RSK)
Tx Fee 0.1 XVG
Privacy Options:
Tor + I2P Networks fully obfuscated IP address / User's Location is hidden
Stealth Addresses It enables users to anonymously receive funds to their wallet. Therefore third parties are no longer able to track receivers addresses, nor are they able to combine official wallet addresses with their stealth addresses.
RING CT Under development
See our blackpaper V5.0 for detailed information.
Development Updates
Marketing Updates

Wallets
Mining

Community
Verge is a community-driven project. The community is the pillar of Verge, from the past to the future, the community built Verge. The community or Vergefam connects everyone from around the world, regardless of cultural background. The common vision is to provide everyone access to financial freedom, and the choice of privacy while transacting.
Below you can find the Verge Telegram communities from around the world;
Official Telegram
🇧🇷 🇵🇹 Brasil/Portugal/
🇨🇦 Canada
🇳🇴 🇸🇪 🇩🇰 Norway/Sweden/Denmark
🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇨🇭 🇱🇮 Germany/Austria/Switzerland/Liechtenstein
🇵🇹 Portugal
🇪🇸 Spain
🇱🇺 Netherlands
🇹🇷 Turkey
🇫🇷 France
Balkan
🇵🇾 Croatia
🇦🇱 🇽🇰 Albania/Kosovo
🇷🇴 Romania
🇭🇺 Hungary
🇷🇺 Russia
🇮🇳 India
🇲🇾 Malaysia
🇯🇵 Japan
🇰🇷 Korea
🇨🇳 China
🇿🇦 South Africa
🔌Wallet Support
🖥️ Mining support
Mass Adoption
Low fees, quick transactions, high volume in circulation, multiplatform support, Wraith protocol are the ingredients that make Verge perfectly positioned for mass adoption. Transact on the public ledger for everyday purchases or stay private if you wish so.
Getting Started
You can find the matching instructions as below:
See the following useful links:

Official Links
Vergecurrency.com
Verge Team
Roadmap
FAQ
Github
Block Explorer 1
Block Explorer 2
Network Status
Telegram
Twitter
Facebook
Discord
Youtube
Medium
Investfeed
Verge Zendesk
VergeFora
Last Edit: Latest development update links are added to the Tech section.
submitted by Desolatorbtc to vergecurrency [link] [comments]

Discussão sobre Criptopmoedas (Bitcoin e Altcoins). Um pouco sobre o que aprendi e como você pode conhecer mais sobre esse mundo novo.

Oi, /Brasil!
Antes de qualquer coisa gostaria de fazer um ‘disclaimer’ sobre esse post:
Não estou aqui para fazer aquele marketing “Olhe como em apenas 5 passos você pode ficar muito rico!!”. Eu sou extremamente novo nesse mercado de Criptomoedas e aprendi tanta coisa nova e legal e gostaria de compartilhar meu conhecimento, tirar duvidas e quem sabe trazer novas pessoas nesse novo mundo.
 
Nesses últimos tempos vários posts sobre Bitcoin e Altcoins estão aparecendo aqui no /Brasil e muita gente discute sobre o assunto. Alguns extremamente céticos, uns curiosos e outros que já conhecem um pouquinho do assunto. Eu tentei dar um help pro pessoal que fez perguntas nos outros posts e alguns se juntaram ao grupo que organizei sobre Criptomoedas no Discord.
 
Não quero trazer também o “invista até não poder mais”. Esse mercado de criptomoedas é extremamente volátil e você pode sim perder dinheiro com isso. Nunca invista o que não pode perder.
 

Quero iniciar comentando sobre algo que muitos céticos usam:

“Bitcoin é uma bolha, ela vai estourar e você vai perder tudo.”
 
O que não é uma bolha, certo?
Bolha do ‘dot com’ e bolha da Apple a bolha do Tesla. Existem vários outros exemplos que eu poderia dar, mas eu não vim aqui pra isso.
 
A ideia central de Criptomoedas é ser um sistema descentralizado de qualquer banco, empresa e governo, ser seguro, open-source, totalmente criptografado, que é apoiado pela matemática implementada. Toda a história da moeda deve ser aberta ao público e você pode ver toda e qualquer transação feita na rede. Essas transações precisam ser processadas por máquinas que confirmam que essa transação não é um double-spending ou alguém querendo criar moedas “out of thin air”. Se alguém quiser hackear o sistema ele vai precisar quebrar toda a Blockchain da moeda (explicação mais abaixo).
 
Blockchain (cadeia de blocos) é todo o registro de tudo que aconteceu com a criptomoeda. Cada novo bloco é ligado ao ultimo bloco existente. Nenhum dado subsequente pode ser alterado sem que todos os outros blocos sejam alterados. Fazendo assim a criptomoeda em questão super segura. Blockchain é estudada para aplicações de gerenciamento de identidade, registro médico, prova de documentos, etc.
 
Você pode fazer uma transferência pequena de alguns trocados até com centenas de milhares Reais para qualquer lugar do mundo. Imagine você aqui no Brasil tem um parente lá na Coréia do Sul. Você quer mandar R$3000,00 para o parente. Para isso você precisa ir até o seu banco, solicitar uma transferência de alto valor, pagar todas as taxas do banco, do seu governo, talvez até do governo do país que será enviado, esperar até a data estipulada para o dinheiro chegar ao seu parente (a partir do dia do envio+2). Faça a pesquisa, você pode pagar muito alto por isso.
 
Agora leve em consideração o Bitcoin. Mesmo com uma taxa alta nesses últimos tempos (da ultima vez eu paguei R$12,00), imagine você mandar esses mesmos R$3000,00. Só que a transação é feita em até 60 minutos. Você manda a ordem de transferência da sua carteira até a carteira do seu parente, essa transferência de Bitcoin é registrada, então processada pelos mineradores e depois de um tempo o Bitcoin é validado na carteira do seu parente. Depois disso ele pode já usar os Bitcoin no mesmo dia ou ir até um caixa eletrônico de Bitcoin e sacar em dinheiro ou até trocar por outras moedas ou por dinheiro em Exchanges.
 
Fora Bitcoin, nós temos centenas de outras criptomoedas. Várias são muito interessantes, como: Ethereum, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, Vertcoin. Outras são simplesmente enganações usadas para roubar dinheiro de quem investe nas criptomoedas. Infelizmente existem coisas ruins como essa em qualquer lugar do mundo. Sugiro também uma pesquisa sobre cada criptomoeda. Coinmarketcap é um site legal para você iniciar sua pesquisa nas moedas de maior valor, volume, tecnologia, etc.
 

Mineração

A mineração consiste em usar o recurso de processamento do seu computador para procurar e resolver blocos. Quando isso acontece uma recompensa é distribuída para todos os mineradores envolvidos na mineração. Você pode minerar sozinho (o que hoje é impossível para alguém normal) ou pode entrar em uma Mining Pool.
 
Recentemente comecei a minerar uma criptomoeda chamada Vertcoin. Não é necessário muito conhecimento em como funciona a mineração. Basta ter um computador com placa de vídeo legal (a partir de uma gtx 1060 é legal), baixar um programa chamado One-Click Miner (OCM), arranjar uma carteira da moeda (interessante a Electrum Vertcoin Wallet), apontar seu minerador para aquela carteira, selecionar uma Pool de mineração e clicar Start.
 
Na mineração de Vertcoin você usa o poder de processamento da sua GPU para procurar blocos na rede junto com vários outros mineradores. Quando um bloco é encontrado você é recompensado pelo tempo que você esta minerando. Quanto mais tempo estiver minerando, melhor. Mas até um limite claro.
 
Não vou dizer que vale a pena você minerar porque existem muitas variáveis para isso. Para mim esta valendo a pena. Com uma GTX 1080 consigo pagar o gasto extra de conta de luz e lucrar Vertcoins. Recomendo fazer o calculo e ver se vale a pena.
 
A ideia central que estou levando para minerar Vertcoin é que devido a sua história, seus desenvolvedores, resistência à ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuits) e sua transparência com a comunidade ela será adotada pelo mercado. Seu valor subiu de US$0,04 em Janeiro de 2017 para hoje no preço de US$5,4. Outra coisa legal é que o Vertcoin usa algoritmo criado por brasileiros, chamada Lyra2!
 
Se você, leitor, tiver interesse em minerar ou discutir mais sobre moedas e conhecer mais, eu vou sugerir entrar no Discord que criei exatamente para isso: https://discord.gg/aWfV2Q5. Somos um grupo pequeno, mas o pessoal lá é super amigável e me trouxeram muito conhecimento novo. Temos desde iniciantes até alguns veteranos no assunto. Temos uma Pool de mineração de Vertcoin (Veja aqui) também se alguém se interessar.
 

Conclusão

Esse mundo de Cryptocurrencies é muito novo, estranho, inovador e interessante. Aprendi muita coisa e nem estou a tanto tempo assim aprendendo. Tenho comprado, vendido, minerado e guardado várias moedas diferentes. Tenho lucrado uma grana interessante que não teria vindo caso continuasse igual meus amigos que dizem não ter dinheiro pra investir nisso, mas saem todo final de semana com amigos/namorada e gastam 50, 100, 200 reais. Deixasse de sair 1 fim de semana por mês e compra uma moeda “segura” como Litecoin ou Ethereum. Da um lucro legal em uns 10 anos caso for atento, trocar por Real quando necessário ou mudar pra outra moeda.
 
Tem muita coisa que ainda quero falar, mas não quero deixar esse texto mais extenso do que esta. Por isso, peço a você que está lendo para deixar seus comentários, a favor ou contra, que vou tentar responder, aprender coisas novas, tirar dúvidas, fazer perguntas também e ter discussões saudáveis.
submitted by TheCrazyTiger to brasil [link] [comments]

Hashflare +-zero if 10% difficulty increase every 14 days in average! (we have even higher now!)

Simple calculation. 365 days mining (contract) means 26 difficulty changes (every 14 days). Imagine it's always 10% increase... safe and exactly 10%. That means, that we increase our difficulty from "1873105475221" to "22323905475221". To do it simple: we increase from 1873 to 22323. This is an increase of 1191%. (26 times 10% increase in a row). Taking now every difficulty value after 14 days for the whole 365 days and then taking the average from all of it we get (simplified) 8401.
According to this website, a 17 TH/s contract with ~17% pool fees (hashflare) and a safe block reward of 12.5 all the time, a static btc price of 17.500$ and the price for 17TH/s-contract (OLD PRICES!) it means that you do a +-zero with this contract, if the difficulty would be like 10% all the time. https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=17000.00&p=0.00&pc=0.00&pf=17.00&d=8401205475221.60000000&r=12.50000000&er=17500.00000000&hc=2695.00
tl;dr: lets hope that difficulty wont increase 1x% every 14 days from now. lets hope btc value wont drop back to 10.000USD or even less.
tl;dr2: If difficulty is higher than hoped for, but BTC increases to 30.000USD you obviously did some money with your hashflare contract. But if you just buy the coin from a marketplace today for 17.500 USD you would have done MORE money with just keeping it in your wallet than cloud mining with hashflare.
tl;dr3: dont trust those youtubers, they just do tons of money with affiliate programs and not with mining.
KEEP THIS IN MIND PLX, it's looking like free money without working for it, but think about your dad's wise words: you will get nothing free in life!
sry for bad english.
submitted by zBzMystery to hashflare [link] [comments]

How Much Per kWh Can Bitcoin Mining Make?

Due to an oversized solar array, I have about 10 kW of unused energy per hour during daylight hours. How much can you make per kWh in Bitcoin assuming your electrical cost is zero?
If part of that answer is "it depends on your mining hardware" then could someone supply a table showing the current market cost for each kind of miner and the expected power draw in kW of each model? Which mining hardware would give the most mining power per dollar spent?
This mining profitability calculator seems to give the main variables. https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=23000.00&p=1541.00&pc=0.0&pf=0.00&d=5106422924659.82000000&r=12.50000000&er=3895.50000000&hc=0.00 Do I just need to plug in my expected hash rate, energy consumption in watts, and electrical cost of zero?
This article seems to suggest that in Jan 2018 the break-even price was $3900 per bitcoin, which corresponded to an electrical cost of 3 cents per kWh. https://medium.com/@hodlmodel/breakeven-price-of-btc-mining-i-bitmains-49-hashrate-694a5699fa37 Obviously that was a different world than today, but I wonder if things would be migrating - when bitcoin pricing is falling sharply - towards that break-even electrical cost of 3 cents per kWh. If yes, mining bitcoin with the available free electricity seems like a poor investment.
submitted by smorgasmic to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Why the price of DOGE is falling and will continue to. SUCH MAFFS. SO LOGIC. WOW.

TLDR; Dogecoin is one of the most profitable coins to mine, so people are mining and dumping for profit. Will probably still drop by ~10-25%. Woof. http://i.imgur.com/NRVOtRI.jpg
A lot of people are posting about the price of Dogecoin and are concerned with its price. There is speculation that is misleading and not backed up by much theory. It’s not just as simple as supply and demand, panic selling or the line of best fit on a graph. Let’s look at the maths and see why the coin is dropping so rapidly and why now.
MAFFS
The difficulty of mining a block of DOGE currently ranged from 300-400 [1], the higher this goes the less coin you will mine. To make things simple let’s run an example: Assume you have 1000kHash of digging power; with that you could mine at the current difficulty level approx. 30,000 DOGE a day [2]! The value of Dogecoin is tightly tied to Bitcoin, we first convert it to BTC and sell that. The price for a single DOGE is roughly 0.00000040 BTC [3] and a BTC is worth around $850 [4]. In our 24 hours of work we earn $10.20 (0.00000040 * 30000 * 850). Wow. Such pawfit.
Now compare this to the ‘standard’ of scrypt mining, Litecoin. For the same time and strength of your digging you would yield around $8.50. If you were only interested in profit you would mine DOGE and sell it because it made you the most profit for your hashrate. A lot of people are doing this, including multicoin pools, they mine the most profitable coin and convert it to BTC. It’s simply efficient. This means that there is a huge dump of coin on the market and the price will fall.
SPECULATION
When will the coin stop dropping in price? When it is no longer the most profitable coin, so probably around 0.00000030 to 0.00000035 BTC. At this price the profitability is too low to reward these types of miners. Alternatively, if the difficulty was to increase then the amount of coins earned (EDIT: coins per person, overall supply per time is constant! More miners = lower split per miner) would be reduced and the profit margins would also decrease, I’d estimate the difficulty would need to be around 450 to 500 to balance out. The difficulty increases if more people mine the coin, and at this point that will be depending on popularity.
Sure a few people are panic selling but comparatively this is a drop in the ocean and even so it will just help the coin reach its stable price a little faster. Anybody who wants to see the coin succeed is already doing what they need to, they are not concerned with the price, remember to have fun!
Another point to note is that over the last few days the price of BTC has risen, and so even if the price of DOGE was stable the exchange ratio for DOGE->BTC would still show a fall – this is slightly misleading and the fall in price is not as hard as it seems!
So what can you do? Wait. The price will level out and over time the difficulty should increase with popularity and in around 1-2 months the reward will halve, I'd expect a big peak in price around that time. The coin is young and popular; it needs to learn the Earth before it can go to the Moon.
Sources: [1]http://www.cryptocoincharts.info/v2/coins/show/doge [2] http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/dogecoin-mining-calculator [3]https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/132 [4]http://bitcoinity.org/markets/mtgox/USD 
submitted by Piedo_Bear to dogecoin [link] [comments]

The power behind Viacoin's merged mining

Let's talk about the power behind merged mining. (Auxiliary proof of work - AuxPOW)
Very simple: you mine for instance Litecoin and can mine at the same time Viacoin without losing hashrate.
But we are going to make an example.
Look at the Hashrate of Viacoin let say it is around 50 TH/s. https://chainz.cryptoid.info/via/
We take the Antminer L3+ as the miner for the whole Viacoin network.
The Antminer L3+ produces around 500 MH/s and it uses 800 watts.
This means that we need 100.000 Antminers to come at a network hashrate of 50 TH/s.The whole system of 100.000 Antminers are using 80.000.000 watts. (800 watt x 100.000)
These 80.000.000 watts x 24 Hours will result in 1920000 kWh.Let say the power costs are $0.15 per kWh is a total-cost of $12000 per HOUR !
To run the Viacoin network on your own with 50 TH/s will give you a electricity bill of $288,000.00 per DAY ! And than we even not talked about the equipment costs.
https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/viacoin-mining-calculato?h=50000000000.00&p=80000000&pc=0.15&pf=0.00&d=329994.01552825&r=0.03906250&er=0.00008391&btcer=3714.30000000&hc=0.00
In the link i put in all the correct data and you can see it for your self, what it actually will costs to run the whole Viacoin network.
--------------------
At a price as Viacoin is today, you will lose 105 M dollar in 1 year to run the network.
If Viacoin was not AuxPOW the price for 1 Viacoin should be around 2400 dollars each, just to make the mining profitable.
And with this in mind you can see the enormous benefits behind Viacoin's merged mining.
It is not only secure but it also brings sustainability, and provides, that you are paying a fair price for your coin.
Not a single company has benefits to give Viacoin an artificial price, that's why you pay for Viacoin $0,30 and not $2400,-
And with a lot of cryptocurrencies there is a lot of money involved, and the actual buyers are paying the price.
When you buy Viacoin you know for sure that the price is originated by supply and demand, and personally with other cryptocurrencies i have so my doubts.
Other article that you might be interested in to read about merged mining:
  1. https://medium.com/altcoin-magazine/merged-mining-how-dual-mining-of-cryptocurrencies-works-98323ea57529

And than we can talk about the huge energy-costs of mining, and people will say yes but proof of stake and masternodes......
The problem with those algorithms is that it creates an elite-status to early investors, those people are untouchable until they decide to step out, and there even can be SIMILARITIES found with a ponzi-scheme, i am not saying it is a 1 on 1 ponzi.
Let say someone paid 5 dollar for a masternode and the 10th man paid $500 and the 10000th man paid $500000 dollars because this is what happens, the first people are untouchable and only generates money, the last is paying a big price and can wait 300 years to earn his investment back.Same is for proof of stake it only generates money for the team behind the coin or early investors.
It only can be considered fair and efficient when the pay-out for those algorithms is ZERO.
----------
Than you have people that say, yes but than cryptocurrency in general is a ponzi, well...
Do you consider gold as a ponzi?
I know for sure those people who bought gold, didnt get any extra gold by only holding it.And the same you can apply on POW.
1.WORK PAYS
2.DETERMINATION PAYS
But we were talking about the energy costs.
---------
Energy costs.
A lot of people are talking about the energy waste of proof of work systems, it is a point, but their is one big ''but''.
Can you name me one industry where there is no environmental footprint?
I personally realy dont know.
When you drive a car, metal must mined and gasoline must come out of the ground, when you in a plain and go on vacation etc.. etc..
Not going to deep in this stuff because it is endless.
But those same people are saying that proof of work is a waste of energy, while they fly around the world, and than they suddenly don't care about the environmental footprint they as a human leave behind and the flight industry they support?
I am in fact for a greener world, but for that, there a change is needed not only in the world industry but also in the world economy.
I see AuxPOW as a green step to an ''existing problem'' because it thrives only on the energy from other blockchains, and not use electricity on it's own.
And when the blockchain industry evolves, their will be new solutions, and when Bitcoin, Litecoin or any other can implement such new solutions, to this problem, than also Viacoin can implement it.

Thank you for reading.
submitted by skorzer to viacoin [link] [comments]

Monero FAQ

Hi, it’s some weeks that I’m getting into Monero and I really see a great future for it. My problem is that I have a very low budget so my mining capability is a joke (around 80 h/s). I cannot help this coin to grow by mining it, so I’m making this FAQ hoping that can be useful for new users. If you want to support me, the tip jar is at the end of this post. Thank you!
 
I noticed a lot of confusion around Monero. Many of the most asked question are basically the same , so I collected some of them from /monero, /moneromining and monero.stackexchange and I made this Monero Faq. Please feel free to suggest any new frequently asked question or correction/modification/ (also about the grammar, my english is not very good), i’d like to keep this post updated.
 
Last update: 1/03/2017
 
 

Where can I find a good mining pool?

 

Is Minergate good for mining?

Minergate is known for being linked to Bytecoin (read here and here ) and many users are noticing lower or differences in hashrates when using other miners (just make a research using the word “minergate” here on reddit). don’t be fooled by the nice graphical interface.
 

What miner should I use?

CPU: XMR-Stak (Windows-Linux) CpuMiner by tpruvot (Windows, Linux), CpuMiner By Wolf, xmr-stak (MacOS) and cpuminer(MacOS) By correcthorse
GPU: XMR-stak (AMD), Ccminer (nVidia) by KlausT, Claymore's CryptoNote GPU Miner (AMD)
If you are a Windows user read this
 

Does it worth to mine monero?

You can check by yourself using these tools:
XMBTC charts:
 

How can I calculate my CPU or GPU capability of mining?

Check this link for CPU & GPU Benchmark
 

Can I use a proxy for mining?

I personally use XMR Proxy. If you want to monitor your rigs you can use Monero Mining Monitor
 

How can I setup a local wallet without running a node?

How to get a wallet without running a node
 

Can I run monero through Tor?

Guide to use monero with Tor correctly
Monero safety through Tor
 

or i2p?

Why we chose i2p over Tor
 

What type of wallet exists?

 

How long take to sync to the blockchain?

It can take from few hours (using SSD drive) or even 24 hours, depending on hard drive and connection speed
 

How do I generate a QR-code for a Monero address?

How do I generate a QR code for a Monero address
Moneroqrcode.com for a personalized code
 

How can I buy some Monero coins?

Directly:
exchanges:
 

How do I use the Monero GUI?

Tutorial
 

How do I connect to a remote node using the GUI?

Connect GUI wallet to remote node on network
 

Where can I follow updates and/or make questions about Monero?

 

More useful links:

 
My address for donations: 48DYna5JiDrHz5xkcoSii4WzFNXLzCFjkPPugp7XNZ1N6v8NUhjaC6Sf1BEBEJ35JaJAYKK4XGc2ZEKGeEQ2ySDmFDZdAHy
submitted by ErCiccione to Monero [link] [comments]

New people please read this. [upvote for visibility please]

I am seeing too many new people come and and getting confused. Litecoin wiki isn't the greatest when it comes to summing up things so I will try to do things as best as I can. I will attempt to explain from what I have learned and answer some questions. Hopefully people smarter than me will also chime in. I will keep this post updated as much as I can.
Preface
Litecoin is a type to electronic currency. It is just like Bitcoin but it there are differences. Difference explained here.
If you are starting to mine now chances are that you have missed the Bitcoin mining train. If you really want your time and processing power to not go to waste you should mine LTC because the access to BTC from there is much easier.
Mining. What is it?
Let's get this straight. When making any financial commitment to this be prepared to do it with "throw away" money. Mining is all about the hashrate and is measured in KH/s (KiloHash/sec). Unlike the powerful ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) that are used to mine bitcoins using hashrates in the GH/s and even TH/s, litecoin mining has only been able to achieve at the very best MH/s. I think the highest I've seen is 130 MH/s so far. Which leads us to our next section.
Mining Hardware
While CPU mining is still a thing it is not as powerful as GPU mining. Your laptop might be able to get 1 a month. However, I encourage you to consult this list first. List of hardware comparison You will find the highest of processors can maybe pull 100 KH/s and if we put this into a litecoin mining calculator it doesn't give us much.
Another reason why you don't want to mine with your CPU is pretty simple. You are going to destroy it.
So this leaves us with GPUs. Over the past few months (and years) the HD 7950 has been the favourite because it drains less power and has a pretty good hashrate. But recently the introduction of the R9 290 (not the x) has changed the game a bit. People are getting 850 KH/s - 900 KH/s with that card. It's crazy.
Should I mine?
Honestly given the current difficulty you can make a solid rig for about $1100 with a hashrate of 1700 KH/s which would give you your investment back in about a month and a half. I am sure people out there can create something for much cheaper. Here is a good example of a setup as suggested by dystopiats
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU AMD Sempron 145 2.8GHz Single-Core Processor $36.01 @ Amazon
Motherboard ASRock 970 EXTREME4 ATX AM3+ Motherboard $99.48 @ OutletPC
Memory Crucial Ballistix Tactical Tracer 4GB (1 x 4GB) DDR3-1866 Memory $59.99 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Power Supply SeaSonic Platinum 860W 80+ Platinum Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply $146.98 @ SuperBiiz
Total
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $1078.60
Generated by PCPartPicker 2013-11-29 00:52 EST-0500
Estimated Hashrate (with GPU overclocking) : 1900 KH/s
Hardware Fundamentals
CPU - Do you need a powerful CPU? No but make sure it is a decent one. AMD CPUs are cheap to buy right now with tons of power. Feel free to use a Sempron or Celeron depending on what Motherboard you go with.
RAM - Try to get at least 4 GB so as to not run into any trouble. Memory is cheap these days. I am saying 4 GB only because of Windoze. If you are plan to run this on Linux you can even get away with less memory.
HDD Any good ol 7200 RPM hard drive will do. Make sure it is appropriate. No point in buying a 1TB hard drive. Since, this is a newbie's guide I assumed most won't know how to run linux, but incase you do you can get a USB flash drive and run linux from it thus removing the need for hard drive all toghether. (thanks dystopiats)
GPU - Consult the list of hardware of hardware I posted above. Make sure you consider the KH/s/W ratio. To me the 290 is the best option but you can skimp down to 7950 if you like.
PSU - THIS IS BLOODY IMPORTANT. Most modern GPUs are power hungry so please make sure you are well within the limits of your power consumption.
MOTHERBOARD - Ok, so a pretty popular board right now is Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD3 and the ASRock 970 Extreme4. Some people are even going for Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD5 and even the mighty Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD7 because it has more PCI-E slots. 6 to be exact. However you may not need that much. With risers you can get more shoved into less.
PCI-E RISERS - These are called risers. They come in x16 to x16 and x1 to x16 connections. Here is the general rule of thumb. This is very important. Always get a POWERED riser otherwise you will burn a hole in your MoBo. A powered rise as a molex connector so that additional power from PSU can be supplied.
When it comes to hardware I've provided the most basic knowledge you need. Also, take a look at cryptobader's website. This is very helpful. Please visit the mining section of Litecoin Forums and the litecoinmining subreddit for more indepth info.
Mining Software
Now that you have assembled your hardware now you need to get into a pool. But before you do that you need a mining software. There are many different ones but the one that is most popular is cgminer. Download it and make sure you read the README. It is a very robust piece of software. Please read this if you want to know more. (thanks BalzOnYer4Head)
Mining Pools
Now that your hardware and software is ready. I know nothing about solo mining other than the fact that you have to be very lucky and respectable amount of hashing power to decrypt a block. So it is better to join pools. I have been pool hopping for a bit and really liked give-me-coin previously known to the community as give-me-ltc. They have a nice mobile app and 0% pool fees. This is really a personal preference. Take a look at this list and try some yourself.
How do I connect to a pool?
Most pools will give you a tutorial on how to but the basics are as follows:
  • Signup for a pool
  • Create a worker for your account. Usually one worker per rig (Yes people have multiple rigs) is generally a good idea.
  • Create a .run file. Open up notepad and type cgminer.exe -o (address_to_the_miningpool:port_number) -u (yourusername.workername) -p (your_worker_password_if_you_made_one). Then File>Save As>runcgminer.run (Make sure the drop down is set to "All Files" and .txt document.) and save in the same folder as cgminer. That's it.
  • Double click on runcgminer.run (or whatever you named it) and have fun mining.
Mining Profitability
This game is not easy. If it was, practically everyone would be doing it. This is strictly a numbers game and there are calculations available that can help you determine your risk on your investments. 4 variables you need to consider when you are starting to mine:
Hardware cost: The cost of your physical hardware to run this whole operation.
Power: Measured in $/KwH is also known as the operating cost.
Difficulty rate: To put it in layman's terms the increase in difficulty is inversely proportional to amount of coin you can mine. The harder the difficulty the harder it is to mine coin. Right now difficulty is rising at about 18% per 3 days. This can and will change since all you miners are soon going to jump on the band wagon.
Your sanity: I am not going to tell you to keep calm and chive on because quiet frankly that is stupid. What I will tell you not to get too carried away. You will pull you hair out. Seriously.
Next thing you will need is a simple tool. A mining profitability calculator. I have two favourite ones.
coinwarz
I like this one cause it is simple. The fields are self explanatory. Try it.
bitcoinwisdom
I like this one because it is a more real life scenario calculator and more complicated one (not really). It also takes increasing difficulty into account.
Please note: This is the absolute basic info you need. If you have more questions feel free to ask and or google it!
More Below.
submitted by craeyon to litecoin [link] [comments]

"True" value of bitcoin- the cost of mining it?

I want to argue that the value of bitcoin can be asserted by the cost to mine it. It could be less than that, but it doesn't make sense that it would be more than that.
At current difficulty, an antminer s9 can mine 0.064 BTC/month. Lets say it cost you $1500 to buy and setup the S9 and it will last you 15 months (a conservative estimate); so every month the setup costs you $1500/15 = $100. Electricity costs $0.15/kWh. At 1300 W, it is $140.40/month.
Thus, total monthly cost is $240, and income is 0.064 BTC.
This means a BTC costs $240/0.064 = $3750
You could change the variables and get a fair future estimate. Say, if difficulty becomes 2x by the end of next year, your cost will become 2x, or $7500/BTC.
ref: https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=13500.00&p=1300.00&pc=0.15&pf=0.5&d=1590896927258.08000000&r=12.50000000&er=18885.10000000&hc=1500
So at $18k, definitely a bubble!
submitted by vedant_ag to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

FruitChains: A Fair Blockchain

Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/916
Date: 2017-05-05
Author(s): Rafael Pass, Elaine Shi

Link to Paper


Abstract
Nakamoto's famous blockchain protocol enables achieving consensus in a so-called permissionless setting---anyone can join (or leave) the protocol execution, and the protocol instructions do not depend on the identities of the players. His ingenious protocol prevents ``sybil attacks'' (where an adversary spawns any number of new players) by relying on computational puzzles (a.k.a. ``moderately hard functions') introduced by Dwork and Naor (Crypto'92). Recent work by Garay et al (EuroCrypt'15) and Pass et al (manuscript, 2016) demonstrate that this protocol provably achieves consistency and liveness assuming a) honest players control a majority of the computational power in the network, b) the puzzle-hardness is appropriately set as a function of the maximum network delay and the total computational power of the network, and c) the computational puzzle is modeled as a random oracle.
Assuming honest participation, however, is a strong assumption, especially in a setting where honest players are expected to perform a lot of work (to solve the computational puzzles). In Nakamoto's Bitcoin application of the blockchain protocol, players are incentivized to solve these puzzles by receiving rewards for every ``blocks'' (of transactions) they contribute to the blockchain. An elegant work by Eyal and Sirer (FinancialCrypt'14), strengthening and formalizing an earlier attack discussed on the Bitcoin forum, demonstrates that a coalition controlling even a minority fraction of the computational power in the network can gain (close to) 2 times its ``fair share'' of the rewards (and transation fees) by deviating from the protocol instructions. In contrast, in a fair protocol, one would expect that players controlling a ϕϕ fraction of the computational resources to reap a ϕϕ fraction of the rewards.
In this work, we present a new blockchain protocol---the FruitChain protocol---which satisfies the same consistency and liveness properties as Nakamoto's protocol (assuming an honest majority of the computing power), and additionally is δδ-approximately fair: with overwhelming probability, any honest set of players controlling a ϕϕ fraction of computational power is guaranteed to get at least a fraction (1−δ)ϕ(1−δ)ϕ of the blocks (and thus rewards) in any Omega(κ/δ)Omega(κ/δ) length segment of the chain (where κκ is the security parameter).
As a consequence, if this blockchain protocol is used as the ledger underlying a cryptocurrency system, where rewards and transaction fees are evenly distributed among the miners of blocks in a length kappa segment of the chain, no coalition controlling less than a majority of the computing power can gain more than a factor (1+3δ)(1+3δ) by deviating from the protocol (i.e., honest participation is an n/2n/2-coalition-safe 3δ3δ-Nash equilibrium).
Finally, the fruit chain protocol enables decreasing the variance of mining rewards and as such significantly lessens (or even obliterates) the need for mining pools.

References
[sol] http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculator.
[BCL+05] Boaz Barak, Ran Canetti, Yehuda Lindell, Rafael Pass, and Tal Rabin. Secure computation without authentication. In CRYPTO’05, 2005.
[BHP+] Iddo Bentov, Yuncong Hu, Rafael Pass, Elaine Shi, and Siqiu Yao. Decentralized pooled mining: An implementation of fruitchain. Manuscript.
[BPS16] Iddo Bentov, Rafael Pass, and Elaine Shi. Snow white: Provably secure proofs of stake. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2016/919, 2016. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/919.
[CKWN16] Miles Carlsten, Harry A. Kalodner, S. Matthew Weinberg, and Arvind Narayanan. On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward. In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, Vienna, Austria, October 24-28, 2016, pages 154–167, 2016.
[DN92] Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor. Pricing via processing or combatting junk mail. In CRYPTO’92, pages 139–147, 1992.
[ES14] Ittay Eyal and Emin G¨un Sirer. Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable. In Financial Cryptography and Data Security, pages 436–454. Springer, 2014.
[GKL15] Juan Garay, Aggelos Kiayias, and Nikos Leonardos. The bitcoin backbone protocol: Analysis and applications. In Advances in Cryptology-EUROCRYPT 2015, pages 281–310. Springer, 2015. 25
[HP15] Joseph Y. Halpern and Rafael Pass. Algorithmic rationality: Game theory with costly computation. J. Economic Theory, 156:246–268, 2015.
[KKKT16] Aggelos Kiayias, Elias Koutsoupias, Maria Kyropoulou, and Yiannis Tselekounis. Blockchain mining games. In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM Conference on Economics and Computation, EC ’16, pages 365–382, 2016.
[KP15] Aggelos Kiayias and Giorgos Panagiotakos. Speed-security tradeoffs in blockchain protocols, 2015.
[KP16] Aggelos Kiayias and Giorgos Panagiotakos. On trees, chains and fast transactions in the blockchain. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive, 2016:545, 2016.
[KRDO16] Aggelos Kiayias, Alexander Russell, Bernardo David, and Roman Oliynykov. Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2016/889, 2016. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/889.
[LSZ15] Yoad Lewenberg, Yonatan Sompolinsky, and Aviv Zohar. Inclusive block chain protocols. In Financial Crypto’15, 2015.
[mtg10] mtgox. https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2227.msg29606#msg29606, 2010.
[Nak08] Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system, 2008.
[NKMS16] Kartik Nayak, Srijan Kumar, Andrew Miller, and Elaine Shi. Stubborn mining: Generalizing selfish mining and combining with an eclipse attack. In IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy, EuroS&P 2016, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany, March 21-24, 2016, pages 305–320, 2016.
[PSS17] Rafael Pass, Lior Seeman, and Abhi Shelat. Analysis of the blockchain protocol in asynchronous networks. In Eurocrypt, 2017.
[PS16] Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. Hybrid consensus. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/917, 2016.
[SSZ16] Ayelet Sapirshtein, Yonatan Sompolinsky, and Aviv Zohar. Optimal selfish mining strategies in bitcoin. In Financial Crypto’16, 2016.
[SZ15] Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. Secure high-rate transaction processing in bitcoin. In Financial Cryptography and Data Security - 19th International Conference, FC 2015, San Juan, Puerto Rico, January 26-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, pages 507–527, 2015.
submitted by dj-gutz to myrXiv [link] [comments]

BTC mining profitability and hobbyist BTC mining

Using "default" price of electricity hashpower (don't know how accurate those are), Coinwarz has it below zero, BitInfoCharts slightly above.
I've no doubt it's quite profitable in many places including those where the cost of electricity is subsidized by taxpayers, but for causal miners without access to government officials or government owned "enterprises", it seems it's close to game over...
Ignoring the topic of the current forking on BCH (please use other OPs for comments on that), a collapse in SHA256 mining profitability would relatively benefit BCH because of the faster difficulty adjustment.
Does anyone have anecdotal or other insights into the current situation via-a-vis causal/hobbyist BTC mining?
https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=14000.00&p=1320.00&pc=0.10&pf=0.5&d=6653303141405.96000000&r=12.50000000&er=5599.26000000&hc=0.00
submitted by eustan to btc [link] [comments]

All You Need to Know About Verge / Beginner's Guide

All You Need to Know About Verge / Beginner's Guide
A short Background
2008 was the worst financial crisis the world had experience since the great depression. The efforts of banks worldwide were not enough to prevent its occurrence. Shortly after, someone by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto offered an alternative solution. A digital currency that removes the need for a central bank. His proposal written in the Bitcoin white paper, is summarized below:
  • A secure, decentralized network.
  • A system with economic properties.
  • No need for banks or rule makers.
  • Instant transactions without a need of a third party or government approval.
  • Bringing financial services to the unbanked 2.5 billion people.
  • Total financial freedom. No one can freeze your accounts.
  • Low transaction costs. No ridiculously high transaction fees.
  • A currency with finite amount where no one can print money whenever they want.
Bitcoin
In 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, the network consisted of computers (in crypto terms, these are called Nodes) to approve transactions, movements of data along the chain. This allows for everyone willing to become a participant, creating a decentralized global network. Allowing for a decentralized currency, free of the control of politicians, or institutions.
The rules can only be changed if 51% of the network agrees on it. This way the network is completely democratized and resistant to hacking attacks.
Unlike today’s financial institutions, no one can freeze your account or prevent you sending money. You are the only person who truly holds your wealth.
It is an open source project. Anyone can see the code and offer or discuss changes with the community. On the other hand, anyone participating to the network with computational power gets incentives or pay, with a fractional amount of BTC.
Blockchain
The core of a secure decentralized network like Bitcoin, lies the Blockchain technology. To put it simply, the blockchain is like a series of Lego, connected to each other by linking information, called transactions. These transactions contain the following data sender, receiver and the unique signature of the sender.
The data will be converted into “hash” before being saved into a block. The bitcoin hash is generated using a set of cryptographic functions called sha256. This way the information is encrypted, is compressed and saved in the block.
Additionally, each block in the chain, contains the information from the block before it. This ensures that if someone tries to maliciously modify information in a block, all the block following this attempt will be changed, making it easier to spot.
Each block includes the information from the previous block. If someone wants to maliciously change the information in one block that change the complete result of all following blocks.
In this type of network there is only one blockchain, and all the information is kept in a public ledger which is shared amongst all the participating networks. For the blockchain to be valid, more than 50% of the participants (nodes and their computational power) must agree with it.
Bitcoin Today (2018)
Until today many, many, events have happened. The network has grown massively. The underlying code is improved in many ways. There are more and more developers and investors that have entered the cryptocurrency space.
Currently there are proposed changes being developed to the Bitcoin network that will make bitcoin rival the centralized networks of today (Visa, Mastercard), while significantly lowering the cost of these transaction.
Many alternative cryptocurrencies have been created along the way, improving some of the aspects of the bitcoin and focusing on curtain applications, in the crypto-space, we call them altcoins.
WHY VERGE
The way that Bitcoin function, has severe flaws with regards to privacy:
  • Public Ledger: The transaction information is public, meaning, that transactions can be linked to a person.
  • IP Leakage: A persistent and motivated attacker will be able to associate your IP address with your bitcoin transaction.
Due to the above reasons, it was clear that there would be a need for a privacy coin. Different coins were then created that had this problem in mind. They were ‘too private’ in the sense that they completely by-passed the public ledger. The public ledger allows merchant to provide proof of transactions, which is important for bookkeeping.
Enter Verge Currency, formerly Dogecoindark; which offers transaction on the ledger, both public and private. Allowing the user to choose if the transactions are public or private.
VERGE CURRENCY
2014 saw the birth of Dogecoin Dark; in 2016, it was rebranded to Verge Currency.
Verge improves upon the original Bitcoin blockchain and aims to fulfill its initial purpose of providing individuals and businesses with a fast, efficient and decentralized way of making direct transactions while maintaining your privacy.
What is the Verge Currency Mission?
Verge Currency aims to empower people around the globe using blockchain in everyday life and makes it possible for people to engage in transactions quickly, efficiently and privately. With Verge, business and individuals now have flexible options for sending and receiving payments.
Verge Currency also offer helpful integrations and tools that enable them to handle large scale transactions between merchants and small-scale private payments.
Is Verge Currency a private company and how is it funded?
Following in the spirit of Bitcoin, Verge is an open-source software, and a community. It is not a company, never had an ICO. The development is entirely funded by the community and the developers. Currently Verge is looking into setting up an official Verge merchandise store, and an Official Verge mining pool, for multiple algorithms.
Tech
General technical capabilities of XVG blockchain:
Protocol PoW (Proof of Work)
Algorithms Scrypt, X17, Lyra2rev2, myr-groestl and blake2s
Max Coin Supply 16.5 billion XVG
Circulation Supply 15.2 billion XVG
Minable yes
Atomic Swaps Enabled
Tx Speed 5-10 Seconds
Tx Capacity 100. (Will be ~2000 with RSK)
Tx Fee 0.1 XVG
Privacy Options:
Tor + I2P Networks fully obfuscated IP address / User's Location is hidden
Wraith Protocol Private and Public transactions in one blockchain according to user's choice. Hides the sender and the receiver information.
RING CT Under Development
See our blackpaper for detailed information.
Wallets
Mining
Community
Verge is a community-driven project. The community is the pillar of Verge, from the past to the future, the community built Verge. The community or Vergefam connects everyone from around the world, regardless of cultural background. The common vision is to provide everyone access to financial freedom, and the choice of privacy while transacting.
Below you can find the Verge Telegram communities from around the world;
Official Telegram
🇧🇷 🇵🇹 Brasil/Portugal/
🇳🇴 🇸🇪 🇩🇰 Norway/Sweden/Denmark
🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇨🇭 🇱🇮 Germany/Austria/Switzerland/Liechtenstein
🇵🇹 Portugal
🇪🇸 Spain
🇱🇺 Netherlands
🇹🇷 Turkey
🇫🇷 France
Balkan
🇵🇾 Croatia
🇦🇱 🇽🇰 Albania/Kosovo
🇷🇴 Romania
🇭🇺 Hungary
🇷🇺 Russia
🇮🇳 India
🇲🇾 Malaysia
🇯🇵 Japan
🇰🇷 Korea
🇨🇳 China
🇿🇦 South Africa
🔌Wallet Support
🖥️ Mining support
Mass Adoption
Low fees, quick transactions, high volume in circulation, multiplatform support, Wraith protocol are the ingredients that make Verge perfectly positioned for mass adoption. Transact on the public ledger for everyday purchases or stay private if you wish so.
Getting Started
You can find the matching instructions as below:
See the following useful links:
Official Links
Vergecurrency.com
Verge Team
Roadmap
FAQ
Github
Block Explorer 1
Block Explorer 2
Network Status
Telegram
Twitter
Facebook
Discord
Youtube
Medium
Investfeed
Verge Zendesk
VergeFora
submitted by Desolatorbtc to HowtoCrypto [link] [comments]

Ether mining over BTC?

So, I want to start mining with Hashflare and after running some numbers through Coinwarz calculator. It seems like Ether is the best coin to mine with Hashflare.
I also see ether going up quite a bit this year.
What do you guys mine? What do you think about Ether over Bitcoin?
submitted by whyyitderp to hashflare [link] [comments]

borrow money for another 8TH/s, reasonable?

https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=16000.00&p=0.00&pc=0.00&pf=20.00&d=1590896927258.08000000&r=12.50000000&er=18600.64000000&hc=2400.00
..tells me I can pay back the money within 1 month.
Any suggestions?
submitted by Halfbax_ to hashflare [link] [comments]

Crypterra: Most common mistakes people make when joining.

Some quick tips:
1) Understand what to mine:
Please use a mining calculator to verify which coin is the right for you, https://coinwarz.com good mining calculator for ETH/LTC/BTC. Everyone is joining the BTC hype, but do they realize that there are a lot of people stuck in the 12k-19k BTC range? https://www.tradingview.com/x/veTUpi9n/, chart looks like we will need a lot of new money in Bitcoin in order to make new highs, maybe some future news about the Lighting Network could trigger the move.
BTC Profitability increases when mining difficulty decreases (https://btc.com/stats/diff) and when price increases (https://coinmarketcap.com/). Given the future projections of difficulty and current chart coin investors should consider mining Ethereum given the bullishness of the chart (https://www.tradingview.com/x/YlvNfhcJ/) and the +50% move since mid December.
2) How to reduce payment fees: I originally bought 5 TH/s with Bitcoin and paid almost $30 in fees while transferring from Exxodus to Crypterra. Paid 5 TH/s with LTC and only paid 6.86 in fees. If your going to invest more than $500 in Crypterra I highly suggest you use Litecoin to avoid the insane amounts of BTC transfer fee. The transaction will be cheaper and also faster since there are almost 145,000 BTC transactions pending in the blockchain.
3) Missing Hashpower : Lots of people have been complaining about not receiving hashpower after sending payment. I had the same problem when I paid with BTC, it took 9 days for my hashpower to show. I did not have the same problem when I paid with Litecoin (LTC).
4) Understand the risk: As with any investment you need to manage risk, invest only what you can afford to lose. I started with $500 I had to wait 11 days for my first payout, (9 for my hash power to appear + 1.5 mining for $10), the 20 TH/s special is good but don't feel forced to buy into it.
If you want to join Crypterra, educate yourself on the topic and join me https://crypterra.net/?code=CR8960
submitted by gyferlotus to Crypterra [link] [comments]

World’s Top-12 Cryptocurrency Web-sites According to Dickinson-Junior

I continue to introduce the most interesting and useful crypto currencies related web-sites to my dearest readers who just stand on the crypto-currency path. With ICO-trackers we have already figured out, and as far as crypto exchanges are concerned, I gonna tell you in the next article. Today, we analyze useful and interesting news and analytical web resources.
The garland of victory among specialized cryptocurrency web-sites belongs to www.coinmarketcap.com (the most important data in a nutshell: market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies, the number of coins in circulation for each of them, rates against the USD) — 133.6 million visitors monthly!
An online publishing platform www.medium.com houses a lot of interesting opinions of analysts and traders on cryptocurrencies, technical articles, crypto-currency jokes. For my pity it does not show the audience by subreddits. But all cryptocurrency and ICO experts recommend this resource for mandatory reading! Its monthly audience is about 140 million people!
The largest cryptocurrency and ICO forum www.bitcointalk.org is a mustread for both newbees and golden oldies) — 35 million visitors.
http://www.coindesk.com (cryptocurrency news, educational materials, analytics, reports on the "Consensus" annual blockchain technology summit) - 21,4 million visitors.
www.steemit.com is a blogging and social networking website on top of the Steem blockchain database. One finds a lot of reading on cryptocurrencies, upcoming ICO reviews, discussion in the comments. The Steem blockchain produces STEEM and Steem Dollars which are tradeable tokens users obtain for posting, discovering, and commenting on interesting content. 19 million visitors every month.
www.cointelegraph.com delivers bitcoin and ether news, analytics, explanation of cryptoterms, ICO calendar) - 10.78 million visitors monthly.
www.cryptocoinsnews.com - bitcoin and major altcoins news, analytics, tips on how to get free bitcoins and how to earn money with bitcoins — 9,7 million people of monthly audience.
www.bitcoinwisdom.com - Bitcoin and Litecoin Difficulty charts and calculators, exchange rates — 8.52 million visitors every month.
www.bitinfocharts.com - cryptocurrency statistics, major cryptocurrencies rates, a lot of graphic information on them — 5.9 million people of monthly audience.
www.coinwarz.com - cryptocurrency charts, mining calculators, online profitability calculators to determine the profitability of bitcoin mining in comparison with other cryptocurrencies — 4 million visitors every month.
Bitcoin Wiki (https://en.bitcoin.it/) — online encyclopedia of cryptocurrency terms, 1,139 pages, 3.9 million readers every month.
http://www.newsbtc.com - cryptocurrency news and analysis, educational information for "dummies", a list of crypto-currency brokers, cryptocurrency exchanges charts, tips on how to visit bitcoin-casinos, the list of most popular ICOs) - 2, 6 million people of monthly audience.
www.bitcoinmagazine.com tells the news and reveals bitcoin history, reminds of dark Internet, provides one with information for technical analysis, hosts a calendar of blockchain and bitcoin-events - 1.98 million visitors every month.
I hope everyone will find here what he is looking for… For, as it was said many centuries ago, " For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened” (Luke 11:10).
Author: Dickinson-Junior
submitted by Dickinson-Junior to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Why Verge Needs DigiShield NOW! And Why DigiByte Is SAFE!

Hello everyone, I’m back! Someone asked a question recently on what exactly happened to XVG – Verge and if this could be a problem for DGB – DigiByte - Here: DigiByte vs Verge It was a great question and there have been people stating that this cannot be a problem for us because of DigiShield etc… with not much explanation after that.
I was curious and did a bit more investigating to figure out what happened and why exactly it is that we are safe. So take a read.

Some Information on Verge

Verge was founded in 2014 with code based on DogeCoin, it was initially named DogeCoinDark, it later was renamed Verge XVG in 2016. Verge has 5 mining algorithms as does DigiByte. Those being:
However, unlike DigiByte those algorithms do not run side by side. On Verge one block can only be mined by a single algorithm at any time. This means that each algorithm takes turns mining the chain.
Prior to the latest fork there was not a single line of code that forced any algo rotation. They all run in parallel but of course in the end only one block can be accepted at given height which is obvious. After the fork algo rotation is forced so only 6 blocks with the same algo out of any 10 blocks can be accepted. - srgn_

Mining Verge and The Exploit

What happened then was not a 51% attack per say, but the attacker did end up mining 99% of all new blocks so in fact he did have power of over 51% of the chain. The way that Verge is mined allowed for a timestamp exploit. Every block that is mined is dependent on the previous blocks for determining the algorithm to be used (this is part of the exploit). Also, their mining difficulty is adjusted every block (which last 30 seconds also part of the exploit). Algorithms are not picked but in fact as stated previously compete with one another. As for difficulty:
Difficulty is calculated by a version of DGW which is based on timestamps of last 12 blocks mined by the same algo. - srgn_
This kind of bug is very serious and at the foundation of Verge’s codebase. In fact, in order to fix it a fork is needed, either hard fork or soft fork!
What happened was that the hacker managed to change the time stamps on his blocks. He introduced a pair of false blocks. One which showed that the scrypt mining algorithm had been previously used, about 26 mins before, and then a second block which was mined with scrypt. The chain is set up so that it goes through the 5 different algorithms. So, the first false block shows the chain that the scrypt algorithm had been used in the recent past. This tricks it into thinking that the next algorithm to be used is scrypt. In this way, he was essentially able to mine 99% of all blocks.
Pairs of blocks are used to lower the difficulty but they need to be mined in certain order so they can pass the check of median timestamp of last 11 blocks which is performed in CBlock::AcceptBlock(). There is no tricking anything into thinking that the next algo should be x because there is no algo picking. They all just run and mine blocks constantly. There is only lowering the difficulty, passing the checks so the chain is valid and accepting this chain over chains mined by other algos. - segn_
Here is a snippet of code for what the time stamps on the blocks would look like:
SetBestChain: new best=00000000049c2d3329a3 height=2009406 trust=2009407 date=04/04/18 13:50:09 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=000000000a307b54dfcf height=2009407 trust=2009408 date=04/04/18 12:16:51 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=00000000196f03f5727e height=2009408 trust=2009409 date=04/04/18 13:50:10 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=0000000010b42973b6ec height=2009409 trust=2009410 date=04/04/18 12:16:52 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=000000000e0655294c73 height=2009410 trust=2009411 date=04/04/18 12:16:53 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) 
Here’s the first falsified block that was introduced into the XVG chain – Verge-Blockchain.info
As you can see there is the first fake block with a time stamp of 13:50:09 for example and the next is set to 12:15:51, the following two blocks are also a fraudulent pair and note that the next block is set to 12:16:52. So essentially, he was able to mine whole blocks - 1 second per block!

The “Fix”

This exploit was brought to public attention by ocminer on the bitcointalk forums. It seems the person was a mining pool administrator and noticed the problem after miners on the pool started to complain about a potential bug.
What happened next was that Verge developers pushed out a “fix” but in fact did not really fix the issue. What they did was simply diminish the time frame in which the blocks can be mined. The attack still was exploitable and the attacker even went on to try it again!
“The background is that the "fix" promoted by the devs simply won't fix the problem. It will just make the timeframe smaller in which the blocks can be mined / spoofed and the attack will still work, just be a bit slower.” - ocminer
Ocminer then cited DigiShield as a real fix to the issue! Stating that the fix should also stipulate that a single algo can only be used X amount of times and not be dependent on when the algo was last used. He even said that DigiByte and Myriad had the same problems and we fixed them! He cited this github repo for DigiByte:

DigiShield

It seems that the reason that this exploit was so lucrative was because the difficulty adjustment parameters were not enough to reduce the rewards the attacker recieved. Had the rewards per block adjusted at reasonable rate like we do in DGB then at least the rewards would have dropped significantly per block.
The attacker was able to make off with around 60 million Verge which equals about 3.6 million dollars per today’s prices.
The exploit used by the attacker depended on the fact that time stamps could be falsified firstly and secondly that the difficulty retargeting parameters were inadequate.
Let’s cover how DigiShield works more in detail. One of the DigiByte devs gave us this post about 4 years ago now, and the topic deserves revisiting and updates! I had a hard time finding good new resources and information on the details of DigiShield so I hope you’ll appreciate this review! This is everything I found for now that I could understand hopefully I get more information later and I’ll update this post.
Let’s go over some stuff on difficulty first then I’ll try giving you a way to visualise the way these systems work.
First you have to understand that mining difficulty changes over time; it has to! Look at Bitcoin’s difficulty for example – Bitcoin difficulty over the past five months. As I covered in another post (An Introduction to DigiByte Difficulty in Bitcoin is readjusted every 2016 blocks which each last about 10 mins each. This can play out over a span of 2 weeks, and that’s why you see Bitcoin’s difficulty graph as a step graph. In general, the hash power in the network increases over time as more people want to mine Bitcoin and thus the difficulty must also increase so that rewards are proportional.
The problem with non-dynamic difficulty adjustment is that it allows for pools of miners and or single entities to come into smaller coins and mine them continuously, they essentially get “free” or easily mined coins as the difficulty has not had time to adjust. This is not really a problem for Bitcoin or other large coins as they always have a lot of miners running on their chains but for smaller coins and a few years ago in crypto basically any coin other than Bitcoin was vulnerable. Once the miners had gotten their “free coins” they could then dump the chain and go mine something else – because the difficulty had adjusted. Often chains were left frozen or with very high fees and slow processing times as there was not enough hash power to mine the transactions.
This was a big problem in the beginning with DigiByte and almost even killed DogeCoin. This is where our brilliant developers came in and created DigiShield (first known as MultiShield).
These three articles are where most of my information came from for DigiShield I had to reread a the first one a few times to understand so please correct me if I make any mistakes! They are in order from most recent to oldest and also in order of relevance.
DigiShield is a system whereby the difficulty for mining DigiByte is adjusted dynamically. Every single block each at 15 seconds has difficulty adjusted for the available hashing power. This means that difficulty in DigiByte is as close as we can get to real time! There are other methods for adjusting difficulty, the first being the Bitcoin/Litecoin method (a moving average calculated every X number of blocks) then the Kimoto Gravity Well is another. The reason that DigiShield is so great is because the parameters are just right for the difficulty to be able to rise and fall in proportion to the amount of hash power available.
Note that Verge used a difficulty adjustment protocol more similar to that of DigiByte than Bitcoin. Difficulty was adjusted every block at 30 seconds. So why was Verge vulnerable to this attack? As I stated before Verge had a bug that allowed for firstly the manipulation of time stamps, and secondly did not adjust difficulty ideally.
You have to try to imagine that difficulty adjustment chases hashing power. This is because the hashing power on a chain can be seen as the “input” and the difficulty adjustment as the corresponding output. The adjustment or output created is thus dependent on the amount of hashing power input.
DigiShield was designed so that increases in mining difficulty are slightly harder to result than decreases in mining difficulty. This asymmetrical approach allows for mining to be more stable on DigiByte than other coins who use a symmetrical approach. It is a very delicate balancing act which requires the right approach or else the system breaks! Either the chain may freeze if hash power increases and then dumps or mining rewards are too high because the difficulty is not set high enough!
If you’ve ever taken any physics courses maybe one way you can understand DigiShield is if I were to define it as a dynamic asymmetrical oscillation dampener. What does this mean? Let’s cover it in simple terms, it’s difficult to understand and for me it was easier to visualise. Imagine something like this, click on it it’s a video: Caravan Weight Distribution – made easy. This is not a perfect analogy to what DigiShield does but I’ll explain my idea.
The input (hashing power) and the output (difficulty adjustment) both result in oscillations of the mining reward. These two variables are what controls mining rewards! So that caravan shaking violently back and forth imagine those are mining rewards, the weights are the parameters used for difficulty adjustment and the man’s hand pushing on the system is the hashing power. Mining rewards move back and forth (up and down) depending on the weight distribution (difficulty adjustment parameters) and the strength of the push (the amount of hashing power input to the system).
Here is a quote from the dev’s article.
“The secret to DigiShield is an asymmetrical approach to difficulty re-targeting. With DigiShield, the difficulty is allowed to decrease in larger movements than it is allowed to increase from block to block. This keeps a blockchain from getting "stuck" i.e., not finding the next block for several hours following a major drop in the net hash of coin. It is all a balancing act. You need to allow the difficulty to increase enough between blocks to catch up to a sudden spike in net hash, but not enough to accidentally send the difficulty sky high when two miners get lucky and find blocks back to back.”
AND to top it all off the solution to Verge’s time stamp manipulation bug is RIGHT HERE in DigiShield again! This was patched and in Digishield v3 problems #7
Here’s a direct quote:
“Most DigiShield v3 implementations do not get data from the most recent blocks, but begin the averaging at the MTP, which is typically 6 blocks in the past. This is ostensibly done to prevent timestamp manipulation of the difficulty.”
Moreover, DigiShield does not allow for one algorithm to mine more than 5 blocks in a row. If the next block comes in on the same algorithm then it would be blocked and would be handed off to the next algorithm.
DigiShield is a beautiful delicate yet robust system designed to prevent abuse and allow stability in mining! Many coins have adopted out technology!

Verge Needs DigiShield NOW!

The attacker has been identified as IDCToken on the bitcointalk forums. He posted recently that there are two more exploits still available in Verge which would allow for similar attacks! He said this:
“Can confirm it is still exploitable, will not abuse it futher myself but fix this problem immediately I'll give Verge some hours to solve this otherwise I'll make this public and another unpatchable problem.” - IDCToken
DigiShield could have stopped the time stamp manipulation exploit, and stopped the attacker from getting unjust rewards! Maybe a look at Verge’s difficulty chart might give a good idea of what 1 single person was able to do to a coin worth about 1 billion dollars.
Here’s DigiByte’s difficulty steady, even and fair:
Maybe our developers could help Verge somehow – but for a fee? Or it might be a good way to get our name out there, and show people why DigiByte and DigiShield are so important!

SOURCES

Edit - Made a few mistakes in understanding how Verge is mined I've updated the post and left the mistakes visible. Nothing else is changed and my point still stands Verge could stand to gain something from adopting DigiShield!
Hi,
I hope you’ve enjoyed my article! I tried to learn as much as I could on DigiShield because I thought it was an interesting question and to help put together our DGB paper! hopefully I made no mistakes and if I did please let me know.
-Dereck de Mézquita
I'm a student typing this stuff on my free time, help me pay for school? Thank you!
D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g
https://digiexplorer.info/address/D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g
submitted by xeno_biologist to Digibyte [link] [comments]

Am i missing something or am i good to go?

Ok so for quite some time now i've been thinking about investing in a miner. I've heard everywhere that now it's too late unless you want to invest 10s of thousands of dollars. But i was still sceptical as to why and did quite some reasearch and put in the appropriate stats: https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=4730.00&p=1293.00&pc=0.10&pf=1.00&d=1123863285132.97000000&r=12.50000000&er=5628.66150000&hc=635.00
It definitly suggest i'll make profit, and pretty damn fast too. I live in a pretty large house in sweden, so cooling shouldn't be a problem since rn it's about 0c degrees in the morning and it'll only get colder. Electricity costs are quite standard and noise is not at all. I'm thinking of buying an Antminer S7, although i suppose it would be difficult to find it + a powersupply for the price tag i put on it (635 dollars), but i did find this: http://www.ebay.com/itm/1600W-ATX-Mining-Power-Supply-SATA-6-GPU-Bitcoin-BTC-Rig-Ethereum-Miner-S7-/112496276815 http://www.ebay.com/itm/Bitmain-AntMiner-S7-4-7TH-s-Bitcoin-Miner-ASIC-WORK-GOOD-No-PSU-/222676802534?hash=item33d8925be6:g:HtoAAOSw62VZwcxg
So i just want to ask am i golden or have i missed a vital piece of information? I know mining will get harder over time but the bitcoins are also rising, and oh also what's the risk? I mean the bitcoin price has a risk of collapsing any moment.
submitted by fillewille0 to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

[REQ] ($120) - (#Chantilly, Virginia, USA), (4/30/18), (Paypal)

I want to buy a used gtx 960 graphics card to start mining vertcoin, which is heavily optimized for graphics cards made by that manufacturer.
In short it will be making roughly $40 a month . This depends on the price of it, and the difficulty that automatically increases when more people start mining but will balence out assuming the price of vertcoin increases. But I will pay you $40 a month for 3 months and I'll give you $20 in interest.
Sounds Risky, do you have any assets as collateral? I have $100 in Bitcoin. $70 in Bitcoin cash, and $120 worth of ethereum. I will have the graphics card itself which I can always resell. So unless the cryptocurrency market completely fails I will have the money to pay you back in full plus interest. I can always sell my Rx 480 graphics card, which mines ethereum already for about $2 a day. I also have many trades in hardwareswap and would not risk getting on the USL.
Why don't you just use your money in crypto to buy the graphics card?
Well I am saving it hoping the price will go up, and only time will tell if it does.
If you are reading this and are still interested please comment and PM me. Although please consider other people who need the money more than me. I would hate to have someone go hungry or homeless who doesn't need to.
Any questions please comment or PM me
I have verified PayPal, social media accounts and phone number
submitted by Longboarding-Is-Life to borrow [link] [comments]

Question to you guys that rock the latest Antminers at 2K

So I'm really thinking about taking my mining seriously and investing in a Antminer S9 with the good PSU getting a 208V outlet installed and just letting it sit.
With the cost of all of that compared to mining calculators I should be mining 29K a year with the miner. That is a huge ROI Is it legit? I have been doing small mining for things like litecoins, Dogecoins and selling hashing power to nicehash for years but It just seems to good to be true. So to you guys with your high dollar investments is it worth it in the end?
Update: I was way off and had an extra 0 in my Calculations so if you want to know the return check this out here and dont forget once difficulty goes up your roi goes down. Thanks all.
http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=13500.00&p=1400.00&pc=0.10&pf=0.00&d=392963262344.37000000&r=12.50000000&er=961.00000000&hc=2000.00
submitted by darthvote to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

[REQ] ($200) - (#Chantilly, Virginia, USA), (8/20/18), (Paypal)

I want to buy a used gtx 1060 graphics card to start mining vertcoin, which is heavily optimized for graphics cards made by that manufacturer.
In short it will be making roughly $66 per month. This depends on the price of it, and the difficulty that automatically increases when more people start mining but will balence out assuming the price of vertcoin increases. But I will pay you $30 a month in vertcoin which can be exchanged for dollars until it is paid off.
Sounds Risky, do you have any assets as collateral? I have $100 in Bitcoin. $70 in Bitcoin cash, and $120 worth of ethereum. I will have the graphics card itself which I can always resell. So unless the cryptocurrency market completely fails I will have the money to pay you back in full plus interest. I can always sell my Rx 480 graphics card, which mines ethereum already for about $2 a day. I also have many trades in hardwareswap and would not risk getting on the USL.
Why don't you just use your money in crypto to buy the graphics card?
Well I am saving it hoping the price will go up, and only time will tell if it does.
If you are reading this and are still interested please comment and PM me. Although please consider other people who need the money more than me. I would hate to have someone go hungry or homeless who doesn't need to.
Any questions please comment or PM me
submitted by Longboarding-Is-Life to borrow [link] [comments]

Genesis Mining How to Caluclate Profit Using Coinwarz Hindi Video Calculator de profit bitcoin coinwarz como calcular nuestro miners con coinwarz Coinwarz  Comment calculer mon gain de mining ? HOW TO USE A BITCOIN MINING CALCULATOR

SimpleMining.net: Monitor and configure your GPU mining farm in one place. Please note that calculations are based on mean values, therefore your final results may vary. Estimated Rewards; Per Fees Est. Rewards Rev. BTC Rev. $ Cost Profit; Hour 0.000000 0.013536 0.000000 $0.00 $0.04 -$0.04 Day 0.000000 0.324871 0.000005 $0.07 $0.94 -$0.87 Week 0.000000 2.274098 0.000038 $0.49 $6.55 -$6.06 ... Bitcoin Mining Calculator. There are plenty of factors that affect the Bitcoin mining calculator profitability. Two of them are the BTC price and network hash rate. This means that if you purchase 50 TH/s of mining hardware, the total share of the network will drop each day compared to the total hash rate. There is Bitcoin mining hardware, which mines bitcoins. You can use our calculator below to check the mining hardware above. The CoinWarz site will automatically fill in the currentBTC-USD price, Difficulty and Block. 8 Jan 2019. Learn how to calculate your crypto mining profitability. Find out what your expected return is depending on your hash rate and electricity cost. Find out if it's profitable to mine Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, DASH or Monero. Do you think you've got what it takes to join the tough world of cryptocurrency mining? Accurate Bitcoin mining calculator trusted by millions of cryptocurrency miners since May 2013 - developed by an OG Bitcoin miner looking to maximize on mining profits and calculate ROI for new ASIC miners. Updated in 2020, the newest version of the Bitcoin mining calculator makes it simple and easy to quickly calculate mining profitability for your Bitcoin mining hardware.

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